South Africa has 8 different Biomes.  One biome in the Western Cape is only found in South Africa, which makes South Africa a must to explore to experience the diversity of fauna and flora. 

Biomes are an international classification system to describe the groupings of animal and plants based on similar climate and geographical characteristics.  These distinct environmental conditions determine the plant and animal life found in these biomes, which are referred to as an ecosystem of a biome.  The"fynbos" biome in the Western Cape is apparently (author under correction) the only one in the world. 

 A graphical representation can be explored below.